Shooting Coaches and Evaluating Improvement

During the preseason, I watched the shooting guard at the local college work out. Last season, she shot 14% from the three-point line. She did not have the shooting technique of a 14% shooter.

After watching her shoot, I asked about her percentage during the previous season. She said that she had no confidence. Her college coach played mind games with her, substituted on missed shots, and created a negative environment for the player.

I asked her for her goals for this season. She said that she wanted to shoot 40% from the three-point line. I thought that was optimistic. She does not have the technique of a 14% shooter, but she has some flaws in her shot, especially her balance. I thought 35% was a good goal.

Currently, slightly more than midway through the season on approximately the same number of attempts as last season (moved from a substitute role player to team’s leading scorer), she is shooting 39.2%.

As a shooting coach who has worked with her during the preseason and season, I could use her on my resume: Under my tutelage, she improved from 14% to 39%, a very substantial improvement. My coaching is life-changing!

The reality is that she shoots with almost the exact same technique as last season. What has caused her improvement? Shot selection and confidence.

When players improve, we often attribute the improvement to practice or coaching. After all, the purpose of the practice and the coaching is to improve, and there is improvement, so it makes sense that the practice and coaching caused the improvement. However, correlation does not mean causation: just because two things are related does not mean that one caused the other.

In her case, she has a new coach this season. This coach allows her to play through mistakes and missed shots. The coach empowers her to shoot open shots. Consequently, she does not hesitate. She shoots with confidence. The same player with the same technique will shoot a higher percentage when she feels good about herself and she shoots with confidence.

Secondly, she takes better shots. The new coach emphasizes shot selection and works to get a lot of catch and shoot opportunities.

Her improvement can be attributed to the combination of shot selection and confidence. In these instances, a shooting coach (me) often would take credit for the development of this player, and the statistics would support the coach. However, improvement comes from many different avenues. Often, a shooting coach’s most important contribution is the mental side: Assisting with the development of the player’s confidence. In this case, the shooting coach deserves some credit, but more for his or her sports psychology skills than the actual shooting technique.

When a player improves with no real discernible difference in shooting technique, there are other factors that account for the improvement. Personally, my shooting improves when I lift weights more regularly, as I have more legs in my shot. Other times, improvement is mental or due to better shots in a different system. Improvement is multi-faceted. I would like to think that I had some effect on the player, but, in truth, I know her coach deserves the credit for instilling confidence into a broken player and getting the player to take better shots.

It’s amazing what can happen to a player when the coach believes in the player.

EDIT: She finished at 37.3% on the season and in the top 10 in her conference while playing almost 3x as many minutes per game.

By Brian McCormick, PhD
Director of Coaching, Playmakers Basketball Development League
Author, The 21st Century Basketball Practice



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